Cryptoasset rankings
& metrics by Messari

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Cryptoasset Categories

Cryptoassets can (mostly) be divided into 5 categories based on the types of networks on which they're used.

Primarily used as Money, Payments, and Store-of-Value

Serves as the protocol foundation for various use-cases.

Networks dedicated to cryptoasset financial services

Specific applications implemented on blockchain-networks

From social networks to content generation.

Cryptoasset Sectors

Similar to how equities are often classified, cryptoassets can often apply to specific sectors of economic activity. Below are sectors identified for the assets we cover today.


Decentralized advertising platforms incentivize new markets through ad-network-specific onchain tokens.

Application Development

Application development platforms use onchain tokens to incentivize development of blockchain-based tools.

Artificial Intelligence

Assets focusing on AI, using blockchain-based incentives.

Asset Management

Asset management platforms offer ways to manage onchain assets.

Centralized Exchange Platform

This sector refers to tokens that exist primarily on centralized exchanges for use on those exchanges.

Consensus Innovation

Chains that implement novel approaches to the technical process of achieving network consensus.

Content Creation

Content creation chains incentivize content-creation by fostering a micropayment market between content-consumers and publishers.

Crowdfunding Platform

Crowdfunding platforms raise money via a native blockchain token and allocate to projects, often through community vote (either onchain or through a Foundation).

Crypto Collectible

Crypto Collectibles are non-fungible tokens designed to be unique and tradable.


Decentralized currencies operate as money and stores of value. They are globally accessible and controlled by no single entity or group.

Decentralized Exchange Platform

Decentralized exchange platforms allow the conversion of one cryptoasset to another without a middleman mediating the transaction.

Distributed Computation

Distributed computation assets create a market for CPU/GPU power distributed globally across participating computers.

Distributed Storage

Distributed storage assets create a market for storage space distributed globally across participating computers.

Energy Market

Energy market cryptoassets enable more efficient trading and allocation of energy-grid resources without reliance on a traditional middleman.

Enterprise & BaaS

Enterprise and blockchain-as-a-service platforms help entities create and run their own dedicated blockchain platforms.

Gambling Industry

Gaming/Gambling industry assets often use properties of blockchains to achieve provably-fair gambling; a property unique to blockchain-based gaming platforms.

Gaming (non-gambling)

Assets focusing on enabling, or being used within, gaming platforms.


Healthcare platforms leverage blockchain technology to facilitate payments and/or management of patient records in the medical industry.


Decentralized identity systems use blockchain networks to create identity records that aren't controlled by any single entity or group.

Internet of Things

Internet-of-Things assets incentivize participation in IOT networks.


Interoperability-focused blockchains provide services that can link one chain to another. These are often intended as core chains or platforms on which wider ecosystems of more use-case-specific chains can operate together.

Lending Platform

Blockchain lending platforms generally collaterize loans using on-blockchain assets, but may offer other loans or lending functions using blockchain networks.


Meme tokens. Much wow.


Very specific-focus assets which likely do not fit into a broader category.

Onchain Governance

Onchain Governance assets incorporate the ability for various stakeholders to directly signal or vote for certain outcomes with respect to development of the protocol/asset itself.

Payment Platform

Payment platforms are focused on payments, often for a specific use or industry. Some blockchain-based payment platforms attempt to integrate multiple blockchain assets into one platform for ease of payment, possibly employing smart-contracts for more complex applications.

Possible Scams

These assets show signs of being scams, and are either currently under investigation, or are 'near scams' where no explicit intent to decieve is known to OCFX, yet there's sufficient obvious misleading/improper conduct present to warrant this classification.

Prediction Markets

Decentralized prediction markets use onchain-assets to create economic incentives to correctly predict the outcome of events.


Privacy-focused decentralized currencies incorporate technology designed to make it difficult or impossible for 3rd parties to track the flow of coins from one transactor to the next.

Rating & Reputation

Blockchain-based rating and reputation platforms allow for rating systems that don't rely on centralized parties.

Rewards System

Rewards system assets are often given to users as they engage with a network, and can often be used on the network to make purchases or use certain services.


Chains that focus on scalability of the core network protocol.


Scam chains are released with intentionally misleading or false information. Coins we list under this category must have well-documented histories showing intent to deceive, and/or exhibit extraordinary claims with consistent inability to produce evidence justifying such claims. Other coins & blockchain assets may also be scams. This list is not exhaustive.

Smart Contract Platform

Smart contract platforms operate as a global computer, capable of executing arbitrary code - called smart contracts or 'dapps'.

Social Platforms

Decentralized social media platforms provide communities without any one entity controlling the network.


Stablecoins are cryptoassets that are constructed to maintain a market-price that doesn't vary significantly from some benchmark, often a fiat currency like USD, EUR, or CNY.

Supply Chains

Blockchain networks geared towards supply chain management generally tokenize real-world assets, allowing precise tracking of asset provenance in realtime.

Timestamping Services

Timestamping services underpin decentralized digital-rights management by using the permanence and irrefutability of blockchains to prove that a piece of content existed at a certain time.

Virtual & Augmented Reality

Assets focusing on enabling, or being used within, virtual reality or augmented reality platforms.